three pairs of lovers with space



These are arranged according to the rough chronological order of the periods with which they begin their serious coverage.


James Neill, The Origins and Role of Same-Sex Relations in Human Societies, 2009.  Perhaps the most exhaustive history of homosexuality ever attempted, and accordingly useful, but suffers from the usual two faults of the many recent and polemical studies of the subject: the pederastic character of most pre-modern homosexuality is deliberately obscured, for instance through referring to pubescent boys as young men, and hordes of famous historical characters are claimed as homosexual on flimsy grounds.

Thorkil Vanggaard, Phallós. A Symbol and its History in the Male World, Denmark, 1969, translated by the author from the original Danish, New York, 1972. 

D. M. Halperin, One hundred years of homosexuality, and other essays on Greek love, New York, 1990.

Louis Crompton, Homosexuality and Civilization, Harvard, 2003.  Excellent and thorough scholarly history of homosexuality, mostly down to around 1700.  Probably the most useful general history, slightly marred only by its attempting to obscure the pederastic character of  almost all the homosexuality described in order to set it up as a forerunner of modern androphilia.

Germaine Greer,  The Beautiful Boy,  New York, 2003.

Fang Fu Ruan, "Homosexuality: From Golden Age to Dark Age", being chapter 7 of his Sex in China: Studies in Sexology in Chinese Culture, New York, 1991.

Bret Hinsch, Passions of the cut sleeve: the male homosexual tradition in China, California, 1990.

Randy Engel, "Historical Perspectives from Antiquity to the Cambridge Spies", being vol. 1 of his The Rite of Sodomy. Homosexuality and the Roman Catholic Church, Pennysylvania, 2011. 

G. Rousseau (editor), Children and Sexuality: From the Greeks to the Great War, London, 2012.  Ten essays by different authors, mostly similar to what one would expect of a History of the Jewish People commissioned under the Third Reich, but of greatly variably value.  Oddly, the earliest subject matter, the Athenian Alcibiades, is treated most myopically, while the last chapter on child prostitution in late 20th-century Thailand, is the most objective and valuable.

Rudolf Beyer, Fabulae graecae quatenus quave aetate puerorum amore commutatae sint, Weida, Thuringia, 1910. In Latin only. An important source for Greek myths of love affairs between gods and boys.

Andrew Calimach, Lovers' Legends: The Gay Greek Myths, New York, 2002.  Review.

William Armstrong Percy, Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece, 1996. Downloadable from the author's website together with two further unpublished volumes continuing the history down to the end of the ancient era and making this by far the most thorough history of Greek love in antiquity.

Eric Bethe, "Die Dorische Knabenliebe: Ihre Ethik und Ihre Idee" (Dorian Boy-love: its Ethics and Meaning) in Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 62 (1907), pp. 438-74. In German only.

Kenneth Dover,  Greek Homosexuality, Harvard, 1978.

Thomas K. Hubbard,  Homosexuality in Greece and Rome, California, 2003. 

Eva Cantarella, Bisexuality in the Ancient World, Yale, 1992.

Andrew Lear & Eva Cantarella, Images of Ancient Greek Pederasty. Boys were their Gods, New York, 2008.

Jean Marcadé, Eros Kalos, Geneva, 1962.  Review. A well-illustrated "essay on erotic elements in Greek art" by an archaeologist.

James Davidson, The Greeks and Greek Love: a Radical Reappraisal of Homosexuality in Ancient Greece, 2007.  Review.   Only relevant in a purely negative sense, this is a rewriting of history rather than a reappraisal, denying Greek love its essential nature and purporting through invention and distortion to show that Greek homosexuality was nearly the same as 21st-century American gay culture.

Geoff Puterbaugh, The Crucifixion of Hyacinth. Jews, Christians, and Homosexuals from Classical Greece to Late Antiquity, USA, 2000. Review.

Craig A. Williams, Roman Homosexuality, 2nd edn., OUP, 2010.

Caroline Vout, Power and Eroticism in Imperial Rome, Cambridge, 2009. 

Jun'ichi Iwata 岩田準一, Honcho danshoku ko 本朝男色考 (Considerations on Japanese Homosexuality), a series of essays in Showa 5-8, 1930-33.  In Japanese only, excepting excerpts from four which appeared in English in Tsuneo Watanabe and Jun'ichi Iwata's The love of the samurai: a thousand years of Japanese homosexuality, 1989.

Tsuneo Watanabe and Jun'ichi Iwata, Histoire et histoires des homosexualités au Japon. Translated from the French by D. R. Roberts as The love of the samurai: a thousand years of Japanese homosexuality, London, 1989.

Guido Ruggiero, The Boundaries of Eros: Sex Crime and Sexuality in Renaissance Venice, New York, 1985.  An examination of both licit and illicit sex from the records of Venetian courts, including much on then prevalent pederasty.

Michael Rocke, Forbidden Friendships. Homosexuality and Male Culture in Renaissance Florence, Oxford, 1996. Review.

W.A. Andrews & Mehmet Kalpakli,  The Age of Beloveds, 2005.

Khaled El-Rouayheb, Before Homosexuality in the Arab-Islamic World, 1500-1800, Chicago, 2005.

Marcella Marongiu, Il Mito di Ganimede, Florence, 2002.

Karen Liebreich, Fallen Order: Intrigue, Heresy, and Scandal in the Rome of Gallileo and Caravaggio, 2004.  A detailed account of the teacher-boy sex scandal that led to the Papal suppression of the educational Order of the Piarists in 1646.

Cristian Berco, Sexual Hierarchies, Public Status: Men, Sodomy, and Society in Spain's Golden Age, Toronto, 2007.

Giovanni Vitiello, The Libertine's Friend: Homosexuality in Late Imperial China, Chicago, 2011. A study of male homosexuality in China focussing on "ideologies of masculinity and romantic love" as represented in fiction printed between 1550 and 1849.

Gary Leupp, Male Colors: The Construction of Homosexuality in Tokugawa Japan, California, 1997. 

Gregory M. Pflugfelder, Cartographies of Desire: Male-Male Sexuality in Japanese Discourse, 1600–1950, Berkeley, 1999.

Ronald Hyam, Empire and Sexuality: The British Experience, Manchester, 1990. Review.

Timothy Screech, Sex and the Floating World: Erotic Imagery in Japan 1710-1820, 2nd edition, 2009.

Barry Ric. Burg, Boys at Sea, 2007.

John Chandos, "A Demon Hovering", being chapter 14 of his Boys Together: English Public Schools 1800-1864, London, 1984. Read on this website.

Alisdare Hickson,  The Poisoned Bowl. Sex and the public school, London, 1996.

Stephen Murray, & Will Roscoe, Boy-Wives and Female Husbands: Studies in African Homosexualities, New York, 1998.

Alex Renton, Stiff Upper Lip: Secrets, crimes and the schooling of a ruling class, London, 2017.  A polemic about the harmful effects of attending British boarding-school in the late 19th and 20th centuries, of which chapters 28, 31 and 33 are all or mostly about sex in them between older and younger boys, and chapters 34, 36-9, 41 and 43-4 about the same between boys and masters. Some valuable information is disfigured by the author's unfair dismissal of narratives that do not fit with the 21st-century dogma he takes for granted as definitive wisdom.

Michael Matthew Kaylor, Secreted Desires. The Major Uranians: Hopkins, Pater and Wilde, Brno, 2006.

Timothy D’Arch Smith, Love in Earnest: Some Notes on the Lives and Writings of the English “Uranian” Poets, 1970.

Morris Kaplan, Sodom on the Thames, 2005.

H. Montgomery Hyde, The Cleveland Street Scandal, London, 1976. Review.

Joseph Kiermeier-Debre & F.F.Vogel, Wilhelm von Gloeden – auch ich in Arkadien, 2007

Jeffrey Angles, Writing the Love of Boys: Origins of Bishonen Culture in Modernist Japanese Literature, Minneapolis, 2011.  A most valuable guide to twentieth-century Japanese literature on the love of boys, though poorly-written in academic jargon and fundamentally misguided through blindness to the differences between traditional pederasty and recent gay culture.

John Gerassi, The Boys of Boise: Furor, Vice and Folly in an American City, New York, 1966. The story of the massive furor that arose 1955-7 over allegations of a sex ring In Idaho involving men and teenage boys.

Dennis Drew & Jonathan Drake, Boys for Sale. A Sociological Study of Boy Prostitution, New York, 1969. Article linking to most of content here. A racy description of the varied boy prostitution scenes in many countries around the world; unscholarly and unreliable in its forays into history, but probably priceless for its record of a trade that was flourishing almost everywhere in the 1960s, but was soon to wither from intense suppression. It is further described, with links to much of its content,

Gilbert H. Herdt, Guardians of the Flutes, Stanford, 1981.  An anthropological study of the institutionalised pederasty of the Sambia of Papua New Guinea.

J.M.B. de Lyon, "Over de waroks en gemblaks van Ponorogo" in Koloniaal Tijdschrift, vol. 30 (1941), pp. 740-60.  In Dutch only.

Jerome Weiss, "The Gemblakan: kept boys among the Javanese of Ponorogo." Ph.D. dissertation, American Anthropological Association Meetings, Mexico City, 1974.

Harmon, Dennis (editor), The Boy-Lovers. Four Sociological Case-Histories of Men Who Loved Boys, Jumeaux Publishing Company, New York, 1969.  Four erotically-explicit true American stories told by men of their sexual encounters with boys presented with a view to shedding light on Greek love.

Guido Franco, Desert Patrol (une aventure sous les tropiques), Les Editions de la Jungle, Paris, 1980. Translated from the French anonymously as Desert Patrol (An Aventure in the Tropics), The Vending Machine website, 2015.  A sensationalist and treacherously conducted exposé of the sexual involvement of foreigners with boys in Sri Lanka and the Philippines in the late 1970s, vociferously denounced for obvious hypocrisy in issue 7 of Pan magazine.

Guido Franco, Prières pour des paradis meilleurs (Prayers for Better Paradises) Les Editions de la Jungle, Paris, 1984. In French only. Humorous sequel to the preceding, set  in Manila, Ceylon, Europe etc., and denounced on the same grounds in issue 19 of Pan magazine.

I. Baldauf, Die Knabenliebe in Mittelasien: Bacabozlik (Boylove in Central Asia: Bacabozlik), Berlin, 1988. In German only.

Richard Rawson, The Paggers Papers, Acolyte Press, Amsterdam, 1993. PDF. A frank first-hand account by an American of the ready acceptance by the youngsters and their parents of sex between boys and foreigners, both commercial and not, in the Philippines of the 1970s and early 1980s, concentrating on the most developed scene of boy prostitution in the Pagsanjan Falls.

John Mitzel, The Boston Sex Scandal, Boston, 1980.  An exposé of the brutality against boys and general dishonesty deployed in an ultimately unsuccessful plot to concoct a huge man/boy sex scandal in December 1977.

Lloyd, Robin, For Money or Love: Boy Prostitution in America, New York, 1976.  A sensationalistic study of boy prostitution, mostly in American in the 1970s, which, unusually, tries at least a little to see the boy's point of view.

Lloyd, Robin, Playland: A Study of Boy Prostitution, London, 1977.  A British edition of the the author's For Money or Love with added material from English cities in the 1970s.

Michael C. Baurmann, Sexualität , Gewalt und psychische Folgen (Sexuality, Violence and Psychological Consequences), Wiesbaden, 1983. A translation into English by Jeff Nickel is available online. A study, extremely rare of its kind, produced by the West German government of all 8,058 sexual "victims" known to the police in Lower Saxony 1969-73, which, emphasised self-evaluation as well as using other criteria, and found that not one of the boys under 14, as opposed to the girls, had been injured. 

Glenn D. Wilson and David N. Cox, The Child Lovers, London, 1983.  An investigation by psychologists in 1978-9 into 77 British men mostly, despite the title, attracted only to pubescent boys. Rare for the era in being based on a non-prisoner sample, and unusually objective, its value was obfuscated by its fashionable insistence on conflating Greek love with other forms of child-love.

Dr. Joseph Winchester, Rites of Passage: Homosexual Histories of Six Heterosexual American Boys, Acolyte Press, Amsterdam,1989.

Patrick Boyle, Scout's Honor: Sexual Abuse in America's Most Trusted Institution, 1994.  A history, concentrating on then recent criminal cases, of sex between American Scout leaders and boys, much of it genuinely abusive, but including some mutual love affairs seen as abuse from the author's typically-narrow 1990s perspective.

T. Rivas, Positive Memories, 2013.  

Thomas K. Hubbard & Beert Verstraete (editors), Censoring Sex Research; The Debate over Male Intergenerational Relations, 2013.  A detailed academic study of the ruthless suppression in the last generation of any research producing results challenging the prevailing dogma that Greek love is necessarily harmful to boys. 

Karl Andersson,  Gay Man’s Worst Friend – the Story of Destroyer Magazine & its Appendix, Berlin, 2011.