The following is a list of biographies which contribute information or ideas about the role of Greek love in the lives of their subjects. It is necessarily selective as it is not an attempt at the uselessly gargantuan task of listing every biography of everyone known to have been involved in Greek love. Books about the famous are more likely to be included if not superseded from a Greek love point of view by more specialist studies. Books devoted to biographical episodes, diaries and books of correspondence are included, as are books with only one or more chapters, provided those chapters are devoted to Greek love.
Many of the books listed under fiction are also predominantly autobiographical.
The books are arranged in chronological order of their subjects' dates of birth. All translations mentioned are into English.
Alexander the Great, King of Macedon etc., 356-323 BC, conqueror.
Andrew Chugg, Alexander's Lovers, Milton Keynes, 2006. Review. An interesting but imperfect account of all Alexander's love affairs, which most unusually and admirably insists on the genuineness of both his heterosexual and homosexual loves.
Flavius Earinus, born ca. AD 77, living 94, Pergamese eunuch loved-boy of the Roman emperor Domitian.
H. Henriksén, “An Imperial Eunuch in the Light of the Poems of Martial and Statius” in Mnemosyne, 4th Series, Fasc. 3 (June 1997) pp. 281-94. A scholarly analysis of all that is known or can be deduced about Earinus.
Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus, Roman Emperor, AD 76-138, and Antinous, ca. 111-130, the Greek boy from Bithynia he loved and posthumously deified.
Royston Lambert, Beloved and God. The Story of Hadrian and Antinous, London, 1984. Full well-researched biographies of both man and boy, concentrating on their years together and on Antinous as a widely venerated god.
Jean-Claude Grenier, “L’Osiris Antinoos” in Cahiers Égypte Nilotique et Méditerranéenne, Montpellier, 2008, pp. 1-73. An extremely thorough and scholarly examination of most of the puzzles surrounding Antinous's life.
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus "Elagabalus", Roman Emperor, ca. 204-222
J. Stuart Hay, The Amazing Emperor Heliogabalus, London, 1911. Available online. A Cambridge professor's thorough and lively biography. Though the Emperor's homosexual liaisons are discussed with a frankness and detail remarkable for the time of writing, this is a general biography only listed here because the subject's openly-expressed sexual passion as a boy for virile men was extraordinary by classical standards.
Julius III (originally Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte), Pope, 1487-1555, and Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte, ca. 1535-77, Italian Cardinal
Francis A. Burkle-Young & Michael Leopoldo Doerrer, The Life of Cardinal Innocenzo del Monte: A Scandal in Scarlet, Together with Materials for a History of the House of Ciocchi del Monte San Savino, New York, 1997.
Benvenuto Cellini, 1500-71, Italian sculptor
Margaret A. Gallucci, Benvenuto Cellini: Sexuality, Masculinity and Artistic Identity in Renaissance Italy, New York, 2003.
Anthony Bacon, 1558-1601, English spy
Joyce T. Freedman, Anthony Bacon and his World, 1558-1601, unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Temple University, 1979.
Francis Bacon, Viscount St. Alban, 1561-1626, English Lord Chancellor
Lisa Jardine and Alan Stewart, Hostage to Fortune: The Troubled Life of Francis Bacon, 1999.
William Shakespeare, 1564-1616, English playwright and poet, and "Mr. W. H.", mysterious English youth
Oscar Wilde, The Portrait of Mr. W. H., full edition, New York, 1921. PDF. Though presented as a story about two men who tried to find evidence that W.H. stood for the boy actor Willie Hughes, this is also a serious exposition of that theory.
John Masefield, Shakespeare and Spiritual Life, Oxford, 1924. Presents arguments that W.H. was a boy actor small and delicate enough to play boys' roles.
J.Z. Eglinton, "Shakespeare's Boyfriend and Sonnet XX" in International Journal of Greek Love I (New York, 1965), pp. 24-30. Read on this website. Scholarly conjecture on the love affair built around the idea W.H. probably stood for the boy actor William Hostler.
Théophile de Viau, 1590-1626, French poet and dramatist
F. Lachèvre, Le Procès de Théophile de Viau, 1909.
Giovanni Battista Lulli, 1632-87, French composer of Italian origin
R.H.F. Scott, Jean-Baptiste Lully, London, 1973
William Thomas Beckford, 1760-1844, English novelist and art collector.
Alexander Boyd, England's Wealthiest Son: William Beckford, London, 1962.
Timothy Mowl, William Beckford. Composing for Mozart, London, 1998. A waspish and unsympathetic account of an interesting character, probably the richest man ever to be ruined over Greek love.
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, 1788-1824, English poet.
Louis Crompton, Byron and Greek Love: Homophobia in 19th-century England, California, 1984. A thorough account of Byron's love affairs with boys, demonstrating their importance in his life, with a vivid portrait of early 19th-century homophobia to explain their context.
Fiona Maccarthy, Byron, Life and Legend, 2002. An excellent general biography, which gives Byron's love of boys the prominence due to it in his life, but no more than that.
Sir James Brooke, Rajah of Sarawak, 1803-68
J.H. Walker, ""This peculiar acuteness of feeling: James Brooke and the enactment of desire" in Borneo Research Bulletin 29 (1988) pp. 148-89.
Horatio Alger, 1832-99, American novelist.
Gary Scharnhorst, Horatio Alger Jr., 1980.
Gary Scharnhorst & Jack Bales, The Lost Life of Horatio Alger Jr., 1985.
Oscar Browning, 1837-1923, English historian.
Ian Anstruther, Oscar Browning, A Biography, London, 1983. Review.
John Addington Symonds, 1840-93, English poet and literary critic.
John Addington Symonds, The Memoirs of John Addington Symonds, London, 1984, edited by P. Grosskurth.
Reginald Baliol Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher, 1852-1930, English historian and politician.
James Lees-Milne, The Enigmatic Edwardian, 1986.
Oscar Wilde, 1854-1900, Irish writer and wit.
Merlin Holland, Irish Peacock and Scarlet Marquess: The Real Trial of Oscar Wilde, London, 2003.
Neil McKenna, The Secret Life of Oscar Wilde: An Intimate Biography, New York, 2003. Review.
Antony Edmonds, Oscar Wilde's Scandalous Summer, Stroud, 2014. Review.
Baron Wilhelm von Gloeden, 1856-1931, German photographer in Sicily.
Charles Leslie, Wilhelm Von Gloeden Photographer. A Brief Introduction to His Life and Work, New York, 1977.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, 1st Baronet, 1860–1937, Scottish playwright.
Andrew Birkin, J.M. Barrie and the Lost Boys: the Love Story that Gave Birth to Peter Pan, London, 1979. Review.
Frederick William Rolfe, 1860-1913, English writer.
Frederick Rolfe, The Venice Letters, London, 1987.
John Addington Symonds, The Quest for Corvo, London, 1934.
Donald Weeks, Corvo, 1971.
Robert Scoble, Raven. The Turbulent World of Baron Corvo, London, 2013.
Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, 1864-92, British prince.
Theo Aronson, Prince Eddy and the Homosexual Underworld, London, 1994. Review.
John Henry Mackay, 1864-1933, German writer.
Hubert Kennedy, Anarchist of Love- The Secret Life of John Henry Mackay, San Francisco, 2002.
Vishvanath Singh, Maharaja of Chhatarpur, 1866-1932
Joe Ackerley, Hindoo Holiday: An Indian Journal, expurgated edition 1932; unexpurgated edition, Penguin Modern Classics, 2009. Review. A witty account of the author's five-month stay as his secretary-companion with a boy-loving Indian Maharajah.
Henri-Louis-Achille Bécasse, better known under his nom de plume of Achille Essebac, 1868-1936, French writer.
Jean-Claude Féray, Achille Essebac, romancier du Désir, Quintes-Feuilles, Paris, 2008.
George Norman Douglas, 1868-1952, Scottish writer.
Mark Holloway, Norman Douglas: a biography, 1976.
Dear Doug! Letters to Norman Douglas from Eric Wolton, René Mari, Marcel Mercier and Ettore Masciandaro and a selection of letters from Emilio Papa, Graz, 2008. A collection of letters from some of those who then or once had been boys loved by Douglas, and who influenced his work.
Robert Baldwin Ross, 1869-1918, Canadian journalist.
Jonathan Fryer, Robbie Ross: Oscar Wilde's True Love, London, 2000.
André Paul Guillaume Gide, 1869-1951, French writer
André Gide, Si le grain ne meurt, Paris, 1926, translated from the French by Dorothy Bussy as If It Die ..., London, 1935, unexpurgated edition, Penguin, 1977.
André Gide, Journal 1889-1949, 4 vols., 1939, edited and translated from the French by J. O'Brien, 1948.
Henri Ghéon & André Gide, Correspondance, 1897-1944, 2 volumes, Paris, 1976. In French only.
Alan Sheridan, André Gide: A Life in the Present, 1998.
Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas, 1870-1945, English writer.
Douglas Murray, Bosie: A Biography of Lord Alfred Douglas, 2000.
Paul Thomas Mann, 1875-1955, German writer.
Thomas Mann, Diaries 1918-1939, translated into English by R. and C. Winston (London, 1983)
Anthony Heilbut, Thomas Mann: Eros and Literature (1997)
Gilbert Adair, The Real Tadzio: Thomas Mann's 'Death in Venice' and the Boy Who Inspired It, London, 2001. Review.
Charlie Powerscourt, born ca. 1879, English writer
[Charlie Powerscourt], Memoirs of a Voluptuary, "New Orleans" [Paris], 1905. The erotic adventures of some boys aged 13 to 16 with each other at their small boarding-school in Devon, and with men and women elsewhere. Its claim to be strictly autobiographical looks exaggerated, but it is nevertheless fascinating and historically important as the only explicit 19th-century British description of pederastic sex.
Baron Jacques Adelswärd-Fersen, 1880-1923, French writer
[Baron Jacques Adelswärd-Fersen,], Amori et Dolori Sacrum. Capri, Un'infinita varietà. 1905-1923: l'isola di Jacques Fersen, edited by Riccardo Esposito, Capri, 2018. In Italian only. The boy-loving exile in Capri's poems and documents on his life translated into Italian and lavishly illustrated.
Arthur Kenneth Searight, 1883-1957, English inventor of the Sona language.
Renaud Icard, 1886-1971, French sculptor and writer
Jean-Loup Salètes, "Renaud Icard" in Amours Secrètes, edited by Nicole Canet, Paris, , pp. 189-264. In French only.
Thomas Edward Lawrence, 1888-1935, English officer instrumental in the Arab revolt, and Selim Ahmed "Dahoum", ca. 1897-1918, Syrian water boy
Daniel Wolfe, T. E. Lawrence, 1995.
Ralph Nicholas Chubb, 1892-1960, English poet, printer and artist
Ralph Chubb, The Sun Spirit: a Visionary Phantasy, privately printed, Aldermaston, 1931. Includes an account of the author's boyhood, especially his early sexual longings and of his passionate friendship at 18 with a boy three years his younger.
Oliver Drummond, "Ralph Nicholas Chubb: Prophet and Paiderast" in the International Journal of Greek Love I (New York, 1965), pp. 5-17. Read on this website.
William "Bill" Tatem Tilden, 1893-1953, American tennis champion
Frank Deford, Big Bill Tilden: The Triumphs and the Tragedy, New York, 1976.
Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, 1893-1918, English poet
Dominic Hibberd, Owen the Poet (London, 1986) and Wilfred Owen: A New Biography (London, 2002). Fine comprehensive biographies of the great war poet which include brief mention of his special friendships with boys and Greek love poems without addressing them as a significant topic.
Jon Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen (London, 2013). More cautious than Hibberd in his conclusions, but similarly comprehensive, all three biographies of Owen are similarly excellent and the best there is on his attraction to boys in the absence of any special study.
Henry Marie Joseph Frédéric Expedite Millon de Montherlant, 1895–1972, French writer
Henri de Montherlant & Roger Peyrefitte, Correspondance, Paris, 1983.
Walter Spies, 1895-1942, German artist
Hans Rhodius and John Darling, Walter Spies and Balinese Art, 1980
Michael Childers Davidson, 1897-1976, English journalist
Michael Davidson, The World, the Flesh and Myself, 1962. Article linking to Greek love content.
Michael Davidson, Some Boys, 1970. Article linking to Greek love content.
Albert Wainwright, 1898-1943, English artist, and Otto Jübermann, ca. 1912-?, German
Albert Wainwright, Albert & Otto. Albert Wainwright's visual diary of love in the 1920s, edited by Nick Elm and Callum James, Portsmouth, 2013. Sketchbooks 1927-9 with a little text from diaries depicting the artist's visits to Germany and reciprocal visit to England of the mid-teen boy with whom he had a love affair.
Gaston Goor, 1902-77, French illustrator
Jean-Claude Féray, "L’histoire de Mon page, de ses illustrations et de l’amitié Goor-Icard", in Mon page by Renaud Icard (Quintes-Feuilles, Paris, 2009) pp. 157-195.
Terence Hanbury White, 1906-64, English novelist
Sylvia Townsend Warner, T. H. White: A Biography, London, 1967. Read the Greek love content.
Roger Peyrefitte, 1907–2000, French writer
Henri de Montherlant & Roger Peyrefitte, Correspondance, Paris, 1983.
Roger Peyrefitte, Notre Amour, 1967, translated from the French by John Stefan as Our Love. Review. The author's sixteen-month-long tempestuous love affair with the boy, aged 13 to 15, whom he had met during the filming of his greatest novel and was to remain the most important person in his life.
Antoine Deléry, Roger Peyrefitte, le sulfureux, France, 2011. A well-balanced general biography with interesting revelations, and which gives the role of Greek love in Peyrefitte's life the importance it deserves.
Thomas Cuthbert Worsley, 1907-77, English teacher & writer
T. C. Worsley, Flannelled Fool: a slice of life in the Thirties, London, 1967. Read the Greek love content. An memoir concentrated on the author's five years from 1929 as a schoolmaster at Wellington College.
Casimir Dukahz, 1909-88, American writer
Casimir Dukahz, The Asbestos Diary, New York, 1966. PDF. A very witty account of the author's numerous amorous encounters with boys. His disclaimer that "all characters and incidents in this Diary are impurely imaginary" is a fine introduction to his typical wit. It is always hard to draw the line between fiction and biography, but here we guess that this book and its three sequels are the latter.
Casimir Dukahz, Vice Versa, New York, 1976. PDF. The first of three sequels to the preceding, with more connected narrative but less acute wit.
Casimir Dukahz, It's a Boy, Amsterdam, 1984. PDF. The second of three sequels, similar to the last.
Casimir Dukahz, Growing Old Disgracefully, Amsterdam, 1986. PDF. The last of the series of four.
Soetjipto, born 1910, living 1933, Javanese
Soetjipto, "First Love: The Opening of Soetjipto's Djalan Sampoerna" translated by Benedict R. O'G. Anderson, in Indonesia 82 (Oct. 2006) pp. 39-74. PDF. The first part of a manuscript written by a young Javanese between 1930 and 1932, mostly recounting his passionate love affair at 13 with a youth of 20 in a small town in 1923-4.
Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten, 1913–1976, English composer
John Bridcut, Britten’s Children, London, 2006.
Donald Stuart Leslie Friend, 1915–1989, Australian artist.
Donald Friend, The Diaries, vol. IV only, Canberra, 2006. Read the Greek love content.
Robert Cecil Romer Maugham, 2nd Viscount Maugham, 1916–1981, English writer.
Robin Maugham, Escape from the Shadows, 1972.
Robin Maugham, Search for Nirvana, London, 1975. A sequel to the preceding autobiography.
Clarence Osborne, 1917/8-79, Australian court supervisor.
Paul Wilson, The Man They Called a Monster, Australia, 1981. PDF A sociologist’s study of a Brisbane man who kept meticulous records over twenty years of the roughly 2500 mostly adolescent boys of varied social background he made love to (not one of whom every complained to anyone). Based on these records and interviews conducted with both Osborne and some of his former boys, the book offers priceless insight into how pederasty could be practised in the already fairly-repressive climate of Australia in the 1960s and 1970s.
Hans Hermann Groër, 1919-2003, Archbishop of Vienna
Hubertus Czernin, Das Buch Groer: Eine Kirchenchronik. Dokumentation, 1998. In German only.
Peter Gamble, born ca. 1920, English schoolmaster 1998.
Peter Gamble, The More We Are Together, Stamford, 1993.
Jack Robinson, born 1921, English soldier
Jack Robinson, Teardrops on My Drum, Swaffham, 1986. PDF. Review. The autobiography down to the age of fourteen of a poor but high-spirited boy sexually involved with men and other boys from the age of eleven. Set mostly in Liverpool in the early 1930s.
Jack Robinson, Jack and Jamie Go to War, Swaffham, 1988. A continuation of Robinson's story as a soldier and lover until the end of the 2nd World War, during which he made the classical Greek transition from beloved to boy-lover, though more in sentiment than action.
David Alexander, Love Theme with Variations, 1986, a very rare autobiography reputed to be good.
George Albert Bowers, born 1923, American Marine
Scotty Bowers, Full Service: My Adventures in Hollywood and the Secret Sex Lives of the Stars, USA, 2012. Read the Greek love content. Review. The autobiography of a Hollywood petrol-pump attendant and bartender, with much to reveal about the sex lives of many later 20th-century celebrities he slept with or arranged trysts for. Chapters 3, 5 and 7 are of Greek love interest, being mostly about his experiences of it as a boy.
Iain Mackenzie-Blair, born ca. 1928, English.
Iain Mackenzie-Blair, School Story, Wester Ross, 2005.
Hans van Manen, born 1932, Dutch ballet dancer.
Eva van Schaik, Hans van Manen, leven & werken (Hans van Manen, Life & Work), 1997. In Dutch only. Includes van Manen's description of his fun taking the sexual initiative with men from the age of 11.
John Kingsley Orton, 1933–1967), English playwright.
Joe Orton, The Orton Diaries, 304 pp., London, 1987. Read the Greek love content. A detailed account of the last eight months of a wit who enjoyed shocking, including frank description of sex with early-teen boys over seven weeks in Tangier.
Alan George Carey, born 1935, English schoolboy.
Peter Ryde, A Good Start, Considering, London, 1999. The heart-rending story over a year, 1946-7, of an orphan sent at eleven to a boy's home where he was habitually violated by a sadist who also sabotaged the love affair with an older boy that was his only emotional succour.
Gabriel Matzneff, born 1936, French writer.
Philippe Delannoy, Gabriel Matzneff, 1992. In French only.
Vincent Roy, Matzneff, l'exilé absolu, Michalon, 2003. In French only.
Collective authors under the direction of Florent Georgesco, Gabriel Matzneff, 2010. In French only.
Angus John Mackintosh Stewart, 1936–1998, British writer.
Angus Stewart writing as John Davis, "Pederast" in Underdogs, edited by Philip Toynbee, London, 1961. Read on this website. An autobiographical sketch and explanation of himself as a lover of boys down to the age of 24, including the true story behind his novel Sandel.
Angus Stewart, Tangier: A Writer's Notebook, London, 1977. Read the Greek love content. An autobiographical account of the boy-loving author's time in Tangier from 1961 to 1974 together with a more general description of life in that city then popular with foreign pederasts.
Louis A---- Colantuono, born 1938, American trucker.
Colantuono, Louis A., The Trucker and The Teens: Volume 1 1969-1975, Coltsfoot Press, Amsterdam, 1984. Five years of the hectic life on the road of a Californian, written while in prison for his considerable activity with boys.
Edmund Valentine White, born 1940, American writer.
Edmund White, My Lives: An Autobiography, New York, 2006.
Jay Edson, American writer.
Jay Edson, These Were My Realities, USA, 2006. Read selections on the author's website. The prison journal and deep reflections of a sensitive social worker incarcerated for four years for mild and consensual sexual contact with two boys.
Richard John McMullen, 1943-9-, English youth worker
Richie McMullen, Enchanted Boy, 1989. Review.
Richie McMullen, Enchanted Youth, 1990. Review.
Gerald Arthur Sandusky, born 1944, American football coach
Three books making detailed assertions about the subject's sexual involvement with pubescent boys are Game Over: Jerry Sandusky, Penn State, and the Culture of Silence by Bill Moushey and Robert Dvorchak (2012), Silent No More: Victim 1's Fight for Justice Against Jerry Sandusky by Aaron Fisher and Michael Gillum (2012), and Undaunted: Breaking My Silence to Overcome the Trauma of Child Sexual Abuse by Matthew Sandusky (2015). Any one of these should for balance be read in conjunction with The Most Hated Man in America: Jerry Sandusky and the Rush to Judgment by Mark Prendergast (Pennysylvania, 2017), which offers full and compelling counter-evidence. However, all these books are flawed in not having touched on a third possibility that would reconcile the main contradictions in the best evidence, namely that Sandusky was legally guilty, but only of consensual liaisons and with only some of the alleged boys.
Roger Moody, British radical journalist.
Roger Moody, Indecent Assault, London, 1980.
Tony Duvert, 1945-2008, French writer
Gilles Sebhan, Tony Duvert. L'enfant silencieux (Tony Duvert: The Silent Child), Paris, 2010. In French only.
Gilles Sebhan, Retour à Duvert (Back to Duvert), 2015. In French only.
Mario Ivan "Tony" Leyva, 1946-2005, American Pentecostal preacher
Mike Echols, Brother Tony's Boys: The Largest Case of Child Prostitution in U.S. History: The True Story, 1996. The sexual liaisons with pubescent boys of an itinerant evangelist from the 1960s to 1980s, as represented by a sensationalist campaigner against boy-love with an unsavoury reputation for unscrupulousness.
Wilhelmus Simon Petrus "Pim" Fortuyn, 1948-2002, Dutch politician
Pim Fortuyn, Babyboomers. Autobiografie van een generatie (Babyboomers. Autobiography of a Generation), 1998, revised edition, Rotterdam, 2002. In Dutch only. An autobiography including his exciting sexual experiences with men from the age of 5.
J. Darling, British traveler.
J. Darling, It's Okay to Say Yes. Close Encounters in the Third World: The Adventures and Misadventures of a Well-Travelled Boy-Lover, Acolyte Press, Amsterdam, 1992. Review.
David Michael Wojnarowicz, 1954-92, American painter and writer
David Wojnarowicz, Memories That Smell Like Gasoline, San Francisco, 1992. On the author's experiences as an early teen hustler in New York in the 1960s, unflattering about his customers, but clear about his own willingness.
Hervé Guibert, 1955-91, French writer
Hervé Guibert, Fou de Vincent (Mad about Vincent), Paris, 1989, translated from the French by Christine Pichini as Crazy for Vincent, Los Angeles, 2017. Fragments of a journal describing the author's obsessive passion over the years 1982-88 for an only mildly interested teenage skateboarder.
Theodorus "Ted"Adrianus van Lieshout, born 1955, Dutch writer
Ted van Lieshout, Zeer kleine liefde (Very Small Love), Amsterdam, 1999. In Dutch only. About the author's love affair at 12 with a man whose sudden disappearance he experienced as a crushing betrayal, only to find much later it was caused by his own mother's threats.
Michael Joseph Jackson, 1958–2009, American singer.
Thomas V. O’Carroll, writing as Carl Toms, Michael Jackson’s Dangerous Liaisons, 2010.
See also under Jordan Chandler (born 1980).
Graham Caveney, born 1964, British writer.
Graham Caveney, The Boy with the Perpetual Nervousness: A Memoir of Adolescence, London, 2017. The short memoir of a working-class Lancashire teenager who at 15-16 acceded with distaste to sex with his headmaster.
Steven Gregory Stayner, 1965-89, American kidnap victim.
Mike Echols, I Know My First Name is Steven, New York, 1999. The story of a Californian boy kidnapped and kept for sex between the ages of seven and fourteen.
Luis Miguel Fuentes, born 1977, American boy prostitute.
Luis Miguel Fuentes, Diary of a Dirty Boy, 1998. Autobiographical stories of a New York boy prostitute from 1986 to 1994.
Jordan Chandler, born 1980, American
Victor M. Gutierrez, Michael Jackson Was My Lover: The Secret Diary of Jordan Chandler, 1995. An investigative journalist's account of a boy of 12 to 13's relationship with the famous American singer, almost certainly based largely on the boy's information, and leaving no doubt it was both sexual and loving.
Steven van der Hoeven, born 1983, Dutch football reporter
Steven van der Hoeven, Je ogen verraden je (Your Eyes Betray You), Amsterdam, 2011. In Dutch only. The story of the author's seduction at 12 by a football coach and their three-year relationship, which he came to view negatively.